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30 Jun 2016

Today's Categories: Editor's Choice / PNNL in the News / DOE around the U.S. / Northwest Science and Technology / National/International Science and Technology / Security / Workforce - Health and Safety / State and Regional / Other /

Editor's Choice Editor's Choice

P- and N-Depletion Trigger Similar Cellular Responses to Promote Senescence in Eukaryotic Phytoplankton

Global change will affect multiple physico-chemical parameters of the oceans, amongst them also the abundances of macronutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen that are critical for phytoplankton growth. Here, we assessed the transcriptomic responses to phosphorus (P) depletion in the haploid and diploid life-cycle stage of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi (RCC1217/1216) and compared the results with an existing dataset on nitrogen (N) depletion.

Low energy electron induced reactions in fluorinated acetamide - probing negative ions and neutral stable counterparts

Electron impact to trifluoroacetamide (CF3CONH2, TFAA) in the energy range 0-12 eV leads to a variety of negative fragment ions which are formed via dissociative electron attachment (DEA). The underlying reactions range from single bond cleavages to remarkably complex reactions that lead to loss of the neutral units HF, H2O and HNCO as deduced from their directly observed ionic counterparts (M - H2O)-, (M - HF)- and (M - HNCO)-.

Return to Top of PagePNNL in the News PNNL in the News

Ovarian cancer study uncovers new biology

In what is believed to be the largest study of its kind, scientists at The Johns Hopkins University and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory led a study that examined the proteomes of 169 ovarian cancer patients to identify critical proteins expressed by their tumors.

PNNL's Richard Moss to Help Guide New Phase of US National Climate Assessment

Today the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration opened a new chapter of the National Climate Assessment by announcing the appointment of new members to the Advisory Committee for the Sustained National Climate Assessment [http://go.usa.gov/x3cEQ]. Chairing this 15-member committee will be Richard Moss, a senior scientist with the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. (press release)

Return to Top of PageDOE around the U.S. DOE around the U.S.

SC, Dept. of Energy in court about nuclear fuel lawsuit

COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) - Attorneys for the federal government and the state of South Carolina are in court arguing about a lawsuit concerning an unfinished plant to turn old plutonium into commercial nuclear reactor fuel. A federal judge in Columbia is hearing arguments Thursday in South Carolina's lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Energy over the mixed oxide fuel project at the Savannah River Site near Aiken.

Return to Top of PageNorthwest Science and Technology Northwest Science and Technology

WSU researchers develop shape-changing 'smart' material

PULLMAN, Wash. - Washington State University researchers have developed a unique, multifunctional smart material that can change shape from heat or light and assemble and disassemble itself. They have filed a provisional patent on the work. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b04374)

Return to Top of PageNational/International Science and Technology National/International Science and Technology

As Nuclear Plants Shut Down, Renewable Energy Could Boom

A California utility wants to close the state’s last nuclear power plant and replace it with solar and wind farms. ... The shutdown [of Diablo Canyon, California’s last nuclear power plant] has implications nationwide, as it shows how dozens of other aging nuclear plants could also be closed in favor of cheap natural gas or renewable energy.

Cyborg locusts set to become high-tech bomb sniffers

A team of engineers from Washington University in St. Louis hopes to exploit the sense of smell in locusts to create biorobotic creatures able to detect explosives with accuracy far greater than our current capabilities.

Quantum technologies to revolutionize 21st century

Is quantum technology the future of the 21st century? On the occasion of the 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting, this is the key question to be explored today in a panel discussion with the Nobel Laureates Serge Haroche, Gerardus 't Hooft, William Phillips and David Wineland. In the following interview, Professor Rainer Blatt, internationally renowned quantum physicist, recipient of numerous honours, Council Member and Scientific Co-Chairman of the 66th Lindau Meeting, talks about what we can expect from the "second quantum revolution".

This robot follows you around and blasts you with air conditioning

Meet RoCo, the rolling robot that follows you around your workplace making sure you're not too hot or cold. Researchers at the University of Maryland's Center for Environmental Energy Engineering designed and built RoCo with the goal of reducing the cost of heating and cooling buildings. (w/video)

Brexit's Impact Stretches From Deep Space To Nuclear Fusion

The U.K.'s fraught decision to exit the European Union was motivated by everyday issues such as trade and immigration. But its impact could soon be felt in some of Europe's most esoteric locales - like particle accelerators. That's because scientists in Europe pool their resources to build everything from massive telescopes to deep space probes.

Return to Top of PageSecurity Security

Passwords To Be Phased Out By 2025, Say InfoSec Pros

A study of 600 security professionals by mobile ID provider TeleSign has revealed that customer account protection is a major worry for businesses, with 72% of those interviewed saying passwords will be phased out by 2025. More and more companies, says the report, are replacing passwords with behavioral biometrics and two-factor authentication (2FA) with 92 percent of security experts claiming this will enhance account security considerably.

Wireless, wearable toxic-gas detector

CAMBRIDGE, MA - MIT researchers have developed low-cost chemical sensors, made from chemically altered carbon nanotubes, that enable smartphones or other wireless devices to detect trace amounts of toxic gases. Using the sensors, the researchers hope to design lightweight, inexpensive radio-frequency identification (RFID) badges to be used for personal safety and security. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b03869)

Security clearances dip in 2015

The number of federal employees and contractors with security clearances dropped by nearly 6 percent in fiscal 2015 as adjudicators made better use of data, according to a new report from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. ... Most of the drop in clearances came because of the Defense Department's implementation of data quality initiatives that included syncing disparate personnel databases, according to ODNI.

Return to Top of PageWorkforce - Health and Safety Workforce - Health and Safety

Discount on Danger: Is OSHA Giving Too Many Discounts to Employers that Injure or Kill Workers?

As of August 1, OSHA can increase the maximum penalty level for employers that violate occupational safety and health laws by as much as 78 percent. But how effective is the threat of those increased fines if OSHA continues to negotiate settlements that decrease or even eliminate fines?

Call goes out for new generation of safety and health professionals

Workplace safety experts advising the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration will tackle the persistent and deeply concerning problem of a pending shortage of occupational safety and health professionals - an effort that employers must be actively involved in, according to stakeholders.

Working long hours raises women’s risk of cancer, heart disease: study

Columbus, OH - Women who work long hours for most of their career are at a higher risk of developing cancer, heart disease and other chronic diseases, according to a study from Ohio State University.

Return to Top of PageState and Regional State and Regional

Group sues to force pollution disclosure at Washington dam

An environmental group sued the federal agency that operates the nation's largest hydropower producer Wednesday, saying operations at the Grand Coulee Dam in Washington state are polluting the Columbia River in violation of federal clean-water laws.

Return to Top of PageOther Other

NASA's Dawn Mission Is Over, Except Maybe Not

It’s hard out there for a spaceship. After years of quiet development, a ship gets a brief moment in the spotlight as it's launched into the sky at 7 miles per second. Then, years pass in the blackness of space. A lucky few will get the chance to orbit an unknown world. One of them is called Dawn, and this week, its deep space assignment comes to an end.

Researchers Sue the Government Over Computer Hacking Law

In the age of big data analytics, the proprietary algorithms web sites use to determine what data to display to visitors have the potential to illegally discriminate against users. ... But four academic researchers who specialize in uncovering algorithmic discrimination say that a decades-old federal anti-hacking statute is preventing them from doing work to detect such discrimination.

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