31 Jul 2014
Today's Categories: Editor's Choice / PNNL in the News / Hanford Site / DOE around the U.S. / Northwest Science and Technology / National/International Science and Technology / Security / Workforce - Health and Safety / Other /
Two main hypotheses compete to explain global cooling and the abrupt growth of the Antarctic ice sheet across the Eocene-Oligocene transition about 34 million years ago: thermal isolation of Antarctica due to southern ocean gateway opening and declining atmospheric CO2.
nature30 Jul 2014
Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide has been recognized as an efficient way to convert carbon dioxide to energy-rich products. Noble metals (for example, gold and silver) have been demonstrated to reduce carbon dioxide at moderate rates and low overpotentials. ... Here we identify molybdenum disulphide as a promising cost-effective substitute for noble metal catalysts.
nature communications30 Jul 2014
When tiny sea organisms called phytoplankton die, they produce oils, proteins, and other molecules that tend to stick to ocean water bubbles. Rising to the surface, these bubbles break and form sea spray. The remains of the organisms are lofted into the air where the carbon they contain can influence the chemical makeup of the atmosphere. ... a multi-institutional team of researchers including scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory described a method to understand which types of these carbon-containing materials are prevalent in different parts of the ocean. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/9/6/064012)
domain-b.com31 Jul 2014
The Department of Energy proposes to leave some groundwater contamination near the Columbia River at F Reactor to dissipate over 35 to 150 years.
Tri-City Herald (may require paid subscription)30 Jul 2014R
One year ago, the 50-foot-wide Muon g-2 electromagnet arrived at the U.S. Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Illinois after traveling 3,200 miles over land and sea from Long Island, New York. This week, the magnet took the final few steps of that journey, moving across the Fermilab site and into the new building that now houses it.
PHYS.ORG31 Jul 2014
The Columbia River basin in the Pacific Northwest offers great potential for water power; hydroelectric power stations there generate over 20 000 megawatts already. Now a simulation model will help optimize the operation of the extensive dam system.
PHYS.ORG31 Jul 2014
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can take up gases similar to a sponge that soaks up liquids. Hence, these highly porous materials are suited for storing hydrogen or greenhouse gases. However, loading of many MOFs is inhibited by barriers. Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology now report in Nature Communications that the barriers are caused by corrosion of the MOF surface. This can be prevented by water-free synthesis and storing strategies. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5562)
KIT (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)31 Jul 2014
Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have described the self-assembly of large, symmetrical molecules in bricks-and-mortar fashion, a development with potential value for the field of organic electronic devices such as field-effect transistors and photovoltaic cells. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C4CC03725A)
R&D (R & D Magazine)31 Jul 2014
The method overcomes limitations of existing techniques which are limited to the surface or small-sized specimens, and allows a 3-D representation of the phase fractions within the sample volume. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201400192)
PHYS.ORG31 Jul 2014
(AP) - American electric car maker Tesla Motors Inc. is teaming up with Japanese electronics company Panasonic Corp. to build a battery manufacturing plant in the U.S. expected to create 6,500 jobs. ... The plant will produce cells, modules and packs for Tesla's electric vehicles and for the stationary energy storage market, employing 6,500 people by 2020.
PHYS.ORG31 Jul 2014
Now recognized as the largest Ebola outbreak in history, the most recent eruption of the disease in three countries in West Africa - Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone - has claimed more than 670 victims, spurring international concern that the disease is only a plane ride away from spreading to other countries, including the United States.
Homeland Security Today31 Jul 2014
Lawrence Livermore has the world's third-fastest supercomputer with the help of IBM. But China now holds the number one slot. And while the Livermore Lab has the world's largest laser, France, China and Russia are pursuing super lasers of their own. ... But first-mover advantages can also help secure medicine such as a cancer treatment or an Ebola vaccine. And there are national security consequences to such information.
CNBC31 Jul 2014
Pentagon analysts are increasingly grappling with what this growing unrest means for US national security. Here are the top three ways the advance of the insurgent group the Islamic State in Iraq and violence in Gaza could endanger US national security.
The Christian Science Monitor31 Jul 2014
American Federation of Government Employees (AFGE) National President J. David Cox, Sr. told the House Committee on Homeland Security’s Subcommittee on Transportation Security he opposes the Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) Screening Partnership Program (SPP), an initiative that facilitates privatization of airport security.
Homeland Security Today30 Jul 2014
While the vast majority of federal contractors play by the rules, every year tens of thousands of American workers are denied overtime wages, not hired or paid fairly because of their gender or age, or have their health and safety put at risk by corporations contracting with the federal government that cut corners. (press release)
the WHITE HOUSE31 Jul 2014
American citizens are increasingly divided over the issue of environmental protection and seem to be taking their cue primarily from Congress, finds new research led by a Michigan State University scholar.
MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY TODAY31 Jul 2014
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