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21 May 2015

Today's Categories: Editor's Choice / PNNL in the News / Energy/Science Policy / National/International Science and Technology / Security / Workforce - Health and Safety / State and Regional / Other /

Editor's Choice Editor's Choice

Energy system transformations for limiting end-of-century warming to below 1.5 [degrees] C

Many impacts projected for a global warming level of 2 [degrees]C relative to pre-industrial levels may exceed the coping capacities of particularly vulnerable countries. Therefore, many countries advocate limiting warming to below 1.5 [degrees]C. Here we analyse integrated energy-economy-environment scenarios that keep warming to below 1.5 [degrees]C by 2100.

A strong ultraviolet pulse from a newborn type Ia supernova

Type Ia supernovae are destructive explosions of carbon-oxygen white dwarfs. Although they are used empirically to measure cosmological distances the nature of their progenitors remains mysterious. One of the leading progenitor models, called the single degenerate channel, hypothesizes that a white dwarf accretes matter from a companion star and the resulting increase in its central pressure and temperature ignites thermonuclear explosion.

Return to Top of PagePNNL in the News PNNL in the News

WCU researchers making their mark

Channa De Silva [Western Carolina University assistant professor of chemistry] studies the tiny "nano" particles that play a role in big problems as he carries out his teaching and research. .. His recent research, a computer-based project ... focuses on a monumental task at the molecular level - the cleanup of radioactive waste. ... De Silva will spend the summer analyzing computer data generated through a yearlong collaboration with scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

Return to Top of PageEnergy/Science Policy Energy/Science Policy

Inslee boosts state climate goal as cap-and-trade action stalls

Gov. Jay Inslee has struggled to win legislative approval for a plan to meet state goals for greenhouse-gas reduction. But that isn't stopping him from signing on to an international pact with even steeper targets.

Senators push funding increase for energy research

A bipartisan group of senators introduced a bill Wednesday to bump up energy research funding and tweak the structure of American energy research programs.

Return to Top of PageNational/International Science and Technology National/International Science and Technology

New Approach Trains Robots to Match Human Dexterity and Speed

BERKELEY, Calif. - In an engineering laboratory here, a robot has learned to screw the cap on a bottle, even figuring out the need to apply a subtle backward twist to find the thread before turning it the right way. ... they represent significant advances in robotic learning, by a group of researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, who have trained a two-armed machine to match human dexterity and speed in performing these tasks. (w/video) (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature14236)

SLAC gears up for dark matter hunt with LUX-ZEPLIN

Researchers have come a step closer to building one of the world's best dark matter detectors: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) recently signed off on the conceptual design of the proposed LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) experiment and gave the green light for the procurement of some of its components.

Student helps model improved coolant flow inside the core of a nuclear reactor

Benjamin L. Magolan ... A master's student in the Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering ... has been devising and testing algorithms to help model the flow of coolant water inside the core of a nuclear reactor. ... His project is part of a 122 million [dollar] U.S. Department of Energy initiative, the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors, which aims to create a virtual nuclear reactor.

Turn that defect upside down: Twin boundaries in lithium-ion batteries

Most people see defects as flaws. A few Michigan Technological University researchers, however, see them as opportunities. Twin boundaries-which are small, symmetrical defects in materials-may present an opportunity to improve lithium-ion batteries. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl504087z)

Return to Top of PageSecurity Security

Computer operations disrupted at Tenn. nuclear weapons plant

A federal spokesman at the Y-12 nuclear weapons plant confirmed that the plant's unclassified computer system had experienced a "service disruption" since Monday afternoon.

Emergency Communications, Public Alerts, Warnings Legislation Passed Out of House HS Committee

Legislation that would improve interoperable communications for first responders has been passed by the House Committee on Homeland Security.

French Minister: In nuclear talks, Iran seeks 24 days before IAEA could visit suspect sites

PARIS (AP) - France's foreign minister says Iran wants 24 days before international inspectors could visit its nuclear sites in the event of a suspected violation of a deal with world powers over its atomic program.

NIST Official: Businesses Need to Take More Responsibility for Cybersecurity

When it comes to cybersecurity, the relationship between businesses and the government has been mostly all carrot and no stick. And most federal officials say that's the only way to make cyber improvements actually stick around in the commercial sector

Return to Top of PageWorkforce - Health and Safety Workforce - Health and Safety

Why your employees don't always take workplace breaks—and what you can do

Recent research by Staples shows that employees are working longer hours-with two thirds spending more than 8 hours a day at work-but they are taking fewer breaks than in years past.

5 Tips to Engage Team Members in the Ergonomics Process

Your team members out on the shop floor are the real workplace improvement experts. Engage them in the ergonomics process to heighten awareness, generate improvement ideas and build a positive safety culture.

Is it work-related? OSHA answers common recordkeeping questions

Determining when an injury or illness is work-related for the purposes of OSHA 300 recordkeeping can be a challenge. While the distinction may seem straightforward, applying OSHA’s criteria to real-world situations is often anything but.

Return to Top of PageState and Regional State and Regional

Otter touts nuclear energy

POCATELLO - Idaho Gov. C.L. "Butch" Otter said collaboration with the private sector is crucial to improving education in the state, and nuclear energy and advanced nuclear manufacturing will connect the state government, universities and the private sector. ... Experts estimate that 360 new nuclear power plants will have to be built to meet the growing need, and Otter wants Idaho to take the lead.

Return to Top of PageOther Other

Crowdsourcing climate strategy

As world climate leaders prepare for the international climate talks in Paris later this year, the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence's Climate CoLab has launched a new set of contests that give citizens a chance to create their own regional climate action plans and evaluate their effectiveness.

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